Topics in ICTFunctions of the network layer Network layer of the OSI model Transport layer and its characteristics Session layer of the OSI model: Functions of session layer What is presentation layer? Functions of presentation layer Application layer and its functions Three-way handshake in TCP Stateless connection in UDP explained with examples Transport Layer: Functions of layer 4 in networking Transport layer: Layer 4 of the OSI model
Academic Questions in ICT
What is the first step towards disabling automatic image download on WhatsApp?
A. Click on the three dots on the top right hand corner
B. Click on the WhatsApp logo
C. Click on the settings icon on the top right corner
D. Click on the settings icon located on the to top-center of the app
E. Click directly on the storage and data icon located on the top right corner
F. Click on the mobile data usage icon located on the top right corner
The followings are ways to conserve data on android phones except _____.
A. Turning on data saving mode
B. Activating background apps
C. Use of Wi-Fi to update apps
D. Disable automatic image download on WhatsApp
E. Watch low resolution videos on youtube
F. Utilizing a reputable data saving app on google playstore
Twitter was launched in _____.
The presentation layer is popularly referred to as layer 6 of the open systems interconnection (OSI) model. Without the presentation layer, you may not properly understand the writings on this article since it could have be written in a variety of languages and codes.
Before you could read this article via the application layer on your device (that is, through your web browser in this instance), this website's content arriving from the web server where it’s located must first be presented on your screen. If this article had been encrypted without any form of decryption from the server (for security reasons), then you probably would have seen an unreadable text, but all thanks to the presentation layer.
From the above paragraph, the presentation layer therefore acts as an interpreter or a translator to the application layer. In this regard, it addresses the manner of syntax representation, formatting them and making them readable to end users.
The presentation layer of the OSI model functions to translate, encode and decode data, encrypt and decrypt data, compress and decompress data, while also formatting text or images such as ASCII, EBCDIC, PNG, TIFF, GIF, PICT, JPG and so on.
The significance of the presentation layer is emphasized because different computer architectures may use different data representations such as ASCII and EBCDIC characters.
Below are some protocols that work at the presentation layer:
25 Packet Assembler/Disassembler Protocol
Lightweight Presentation Protocol (LPP)
Independent Computing Architecture (ICA)
Apple Filing Protocol (AFP)
Network Data Representation (NDR)
HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML) agents
The presentation layer therefore presents readable data on your computer screen through the processes of translation, encoding, decoding, compression, decompression, encryption and decryption.
The presentation layer is responsible for interoperability between different encoding methods. Through this function, data is translated by layer 6.
The presentation layer encrypts and decrypts data.
The presentation layer compresses and decompresses data.
The presentation layer formats data into readable text.
The presentation layer encapsulates the components of data in order to enhance the user's interface.
The presentation layer is responsible for the conversation of programming codes and characters, alongside data formatting and data structure.
The presentation layer brings about the security and integrity of network with regards to the data going through it.
In conjunction with the session layer, it assists in connection management.
The presentation layer converts the abstract layer syntax into a transfer syntax and vice versa.
The presentation layer aids in grammer negotiation by determining the transmission syntax.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
Amazing facts in ICT
YouTube is a video-sharing platform which commenced operations on February 14, 2005 (Valentine's day). Three former PayPal employees -> Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim created the YouTube service (as a dating app) until Google bought it in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion
Smoking near an Apple (Mac) computer voids the warranty.
When you add /4 to the end of Facebook's URL, it will take you to Mark Zuckerberg.
You can try it on you own; or better still, try the link below:
Apple iPad retina display is actually manufactured by Samsung
NOTABLE POINTS IN ICT
Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system.
Physical parts of a computer are those parts that you can see and touch. It may also be referred to as the 'equipment of the computer'.
When the computer case is opened (with a screwdriver), one would see the different hardware components inside of it. It's important to state that some other hardware components are present outside the computer case; and these are termed peripherals.
Below are hardware components seen inside the computer case:
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
Power supply Unit (PSU)
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) slots
Network Interface Card (NIC)
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Solid State Drive (SSD)
Optical Disc Drives (external present)
USB port, PS2 port, Ethernet port and other ports
Expansion Ports / Slots
Hardware components seen outside the computer case are called peripherals. The peripherals are grouped into the following:
Input devices: They provide information to the computer.
Output devices: Brings out information from the computer.
Storage devices: They store information or data.
Below are examples of some peripherals:
Touch Pad (input)
Universal Serial Bus (USB) flash drive or memory card (storage)
Hard disc drive (storage)